Common mental health disorders – brief description and treatment

Despite millions of people around the world suffering from them, a stigma continues to surround mental health disorders. Probably for this reason, those affected do not seek help, which makes them feel alone, struggling and unable to cope with the situation. Whether we are talking about eating disorders, depression, anxiety, ADD/ADHD or bipolar disorder, receiving the proper treatment not only eliminates the stigma, but also significantly improves the life of the respective person. Furthermore, she can connect with other people suffering from similar metal illnesses as well as numerous resources. Mental disorders come in different forms and have different degrees of severity. Mild mental health conditions do not manifest with alarming symptoms, but people who suffer from severe mental disorders must receive full attention from a team of specialists working together to provide the most efficient treatment or combination of treatments.

Anxiety

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, anxiety manifests with fears and worries that torment the affected person and interfere with her normal functionality meaning that she is no longer able to perform normal everyday activities and tasks. One of the most common types of anxiety disorder is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). People suffering from GAD experience difficulties concentrating, tiredness, rapid heartbeat and irritability. The main treatments for anxiety consist in medications and counseling as well as trans-cranial magnetic stimulation. For those who prefer a natural remedy, medicinal plants represent a good alternative that provide a feeling of relaxation, helping them to live a normal life.

Depression

Most people describe depression as “down in the dumps” or “the blues” and it can appear in mild or severe form. Moreover, some people experience short-term and circumstantial depression, such us losing a member of the family in an accident, while others suffer from disabling and long-term depression. Specialists consider depression a major depressive disorder that sparks negativity and sadness in a person’s mind, making her unmotivated and unwilling to engage in various activities. Furthermore, specialists recognize multiple types of depression including seasonal affective disorder, psychotic depression, persistent depressive disorder and post-partum depression. The specific symptoms of depression refer to lack of energy, inability to concentrate, changes in appetite and unexplainable physical aches. The treatment mostly depends on the person and the symptoms experienced. An early diagnosis increases the chances of success. The most common form of treatment is psychotherapy, even though sometimes a psychiatrist also provides medication.

Eating disorders

When it comes to eating disorders, they can make their appearance since adolescence and even childhood. A person suffering from an eating disorder experiences abnormal emotions around food and presents extreme attitude and behavior in relation to weight and body image. The most common eating disorders involve bulimia, anorexia and binge eating. Different major events and situations trigger eating disorders. Those subjected to verbal and physical abuse, constant teasing regarding weight or appearance as well as having a distorted perception of their own body, have great chances of developing a type of eating disorder. Treatments rely on therapy and diet, which varies from one case to another.